Interior decorating: the essential elements

Since you are working with fabrics furnished and pre-existing or if you are starting from scratch in an empty room you should always use the principles and elements of design as a guide in choosing everything. The elements are your tools or raw materials such as paint is to a painter. Design elements include space, line, shape, color and texture. Design principles as they relate to use these items, and are balance, emphasis, rhythm, proportion and scale and harmony and unity.

First element: space
The space defines the boundaries and mark the limits to what can be done, both functionally and decoratively. In general not determine the space but will meet the challenge of making the existing space.

Second Element: line
When dialing the spirit or the general feeling of a room, the lines followed in importance only to the color. The lines of the windows should strengthen the dominant line of the room. In most situations the line is straight (vertical, horizontal or diagonal) rather than curve. The emphasis he put on the direction of the lines determined by the spirit to create.
• Vertical lines add height, and dignity, creating a more formal atmosphere. Also balance the horizontal lines found in most furniture.
• Horizontal lines tend to create a feeling of relaxation, informal. Work well in informal settings or as a relief for the vertical lines of the formal rooms.
• Diagonal lines attract attention and direct gaze. Can be disruptive unless they are accompanied by vertical or diagonal opposite.
• Curved lines have a soothing effect and prevent the room from becoming too rigid. Use curved lines with restraint so that the room is not too soft and feminine.

Third element: shape
When the lines together produce the form of an object, which in turn impacts on the general feeling of the room. Straight lines create rectangles, squares and triangles. The curved lines form circles and ovals. The rectangle is the most popular and is often the dominant form in the room. The triangles provide stability and smooth curved edges of objects.

Fourth element: color
Color has the power to make a room much more beautiful than any other element. The color sets the mood. You can cool or heat a room larger or smaller. You can hide details unattractive or call attention to the focus. Even with simple furniture, good use of color can transform a room.

Fifth element: texture
The role of texture in home decor is increasingly important. The visual texture is apparent smoothness or roughness of a material. To maintain or reinforce a sense of informality use harsh visual textured fabrics, rustic or rough. Surfaces smooth and shiny as silk, moiré, silky fabric chintz or strengthen a more formal feeling in the room. Using several layers of complementary textures adds variety and keeps the interest. However, it is a good idea to avoid dramatic contrasts between textures.

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